Contributors - Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library, University of Montana

The Mansfield Library, the premier research library in Montana, facilitates the intellectual and creative pursuits of University of Montana community members in support of their informational, educational, and cultural development as global citizens. As the heart of the University's intellectual pursuits, the library seeks to be a leader in services, collections, and programming; a place where lives are enriched and transformed; and a catalyst for the creation of knowledge. 

Archival Photographs from the University of Montana

Images in this collection include UM campus students, buildings and events, and scenes from around Missoula, Montana, and the region. They were selected from Archives & Special Collections and represent only a fraction of what is available onsite. The digitization and addition of images to this collection is ongoing.

Books, Pamphlets and Ephemera from the University of Montana

The books, pamphlets, serials and other materials in this collection were selected from Archives & Special Collections at the University of Montana and represent a variety of subject areas documenting Montana and the region including Glacier National Park, homesteading and mining. Each item is full-text searchable. The digitization and addition of items to this collection is ongoing.

Boone and Crockett Club Records

The Boone and Crockett Club was the United States' first hunting and big-game conservation organization. It was founded by Theodore Roosevelt in 1887 and continues to this day. This online collection contains scans of content held at the University of Montana's Archives and Special Collections.

The mission of the Boone and Crockett Club is to promote the conservation and management of wildlife, especially big game and its habitat, to preserve and encourage hunting and to maintain the highest ethical standards of fair chase and sportsmanship in North America. Among its many activities, the Club advocated for passage of conservation laws and policies such as the Alaska Game Law, the establishment of Glacier and Mt. McKinley National Parks, a bill to enlarge Yellowstone National Park, and many forest reserve and game refuge bills. The Club was able to lend effective support to conservation efforts due to its number of notable members, including Aldo Leopold, Gifford Pinchot, Theodore Roosevelt, Grinnell, Charles Sheldon, John F. Lacey, Stephen Mather, Jay N. “Ding” Darling, and many other prominent conservationists. 

Bud Moore Photographs and Sound Recordings

William Robert "Bud" Moore (1917-2010) was a well-known Montana forester, trapper, conservationist, and author of 'The Lochsa Story: Land Ethics in the Bitterroot Mountains.' This collection contains photographs Moore took and stories he recorded about those photos. Photo descriptions and dates were provided by Moore; the online collection was transferred by the University of Montana from a spreadsheet Moore maintained at his home. Today the original files are housed at UM as part of the Bud Moore Papers.

Char-Koosta News

This newspaper is available on Montana Newspapers

Published by the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Indian Reservation, the newspaper started in 1956 and continued through five decades. With the exception of a ten-year hiatus from December 1961 through May 1971, the paper continues to publish a weekly issue.

Chipppewa Cree Tribe Water Rights Settlement Records

This collection includes files used by the Chippewa Cree Tribe, and in particular the Tribal Water Resources Department, during their negotiations with the Montana Reserved Water Rights Compact Commission and the Federal Negotiating Team for the Rocky Boy's Reservation to settle the Tribe's water rights claims. The records include information about the history of the area that is now Rocky Boy's Reservation in north central Montana, the history of water system development in the region, and legal files related to Rocky Boy's case for water rights.

Diaries, Letters and Ledgers from the University of Montana

The diaries, letters, and other unpublished materials in this collection were selected from the University of Montana’s Archives and Special Collections. They represent a variety of subject areas and share lives, events and experiences from Montana’s past.

Early Montana Histories

A collection of books exploring topics such as the exploration and occupation of Montana, Indian history, wars, trading and military posts, mining, newspapers, churches, and societies during the time between 1735 and 1885. These works generally include treatments of Montana counties as well as personal "reminisciences" from notable Montanans. Illustrations of people, buildings, farms, ranches, and natural features of the era can be found in these titles.

Fort Missoula Alien Detention Camp Collection

During World War II, Fort Missoula in Missoula, Montana, was turned over to the Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service for use as an Alien Detention Center (ADC) to hold foreign nationals and resident aliens. This collection includes correspondence, telegrams, memoranda and maps documenting the creation of the Fort Missoula Detention Camp between 1941 and 1942.

The majority of the records originate from Willard F. Kelly, Chief Supervisor of Border Patrol, Immigration and Naturalization Service. Details are provided about the construction of new facilities; the renovation of existing facilities; the securing of supplies including vaccinations, clothing and food; and other logistics such as sanitation and entertainment. Some documents include personal information about the detainees including name, rank, age, hometown, and marital status. Some of the documents also relate to provisioning Fort Lincoln just south of Bismarck, North Dakota.

Between 1941 and 1944, the ADC held 1,200 non-military Italian men, 1,000 Japanese resident aliens, 23 German resident aliens, and 123 Japanese Latin and South Americans. The 1,200 Italian men were merchant seamen, World's Fair employees and the crew of an Italian luxury liner seized in the Panama Canal. Many of the Italians, who referred to the Fort as "Bella Vista," spent the war as paid laborers replacing American men working in forestry, farms, the sugar beet industry and constructing Highway 12. Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the FBI arrested more than a 1,000 of the most prominent Japanese leaders on the west coast as potential security risks. Ultimately, over 1,000 Japanese men - all resident aliens barred by law from American citizenship - were held at Fort Missoula for loyalty hearings. None was ever charged with any act of disloyalty but all were held at Fort Missoula or other camps for the duration of the war. A handful of German resident aliens were held for short periods at Fort Missoula, although most were held at Fort Lincoln in Bismarck, North Dakota. The 123 men of Japanese ancestry from Latin and South America, mostly Peru, were a very small part of several thousand held primarily at the Santa Fe camp or at Crystal City, Texas.

The documents in this collection were scanned from notebooks maintained by the Historical Museum at Fort Missoula. These notebooks contain only photocopies. Documents which include medical or case file information about detainees have not been made available. There are indications that the original documents were held at one time in the record vault of the Missoula County Records office. Official records of internment camps, including those of Fort Missoula, are held by the National Archives and Records Administration in RG 85.

Helena, Montana City Council Minutes, 1881-1970

In April 1881, the Helena City Council began meeting after the public approval of a charter incorporating the City of Helena. Minutes were created after each meeting and they detailed the actions of the mayor and aldermen in establishing the framework and continuance of their municipal government. The information typically captured in these minutes included, but is not limited to, the date, time and location of the meeting, the elected officials present, members of the public who offered business for the council to consider and any action taken by the council. These minutes were handwritten in a bound volume. When a volume, or minute book, was filled, a new one was started and this process continued. Handwritten minutes were kept in this fashion until October 1910, when minutes were then typewritten. Each successive volume was continuously and carefully maintained in secure storage by the Helena City Clerk, such that today a complete history of the activity of Helena's governing body exists. These bound volumes are carefully secured and maintained by the City Clerk and staff to the present day. 

Jack L. Demmons' Photographs of Bonner, Montana

Assembled in the mid-1970s by Bonner School Superintendent Jack L. Demmons, this collection of approximately 1,600 photographs depicts life in and around Bonner, Montana, from the late 1800s through the 1950s. The images were digitized for online access by the University of Montana in 2007; the original photographs were retained by Bonner School. 

Mike Mansfield Papers

This digital collection consists of speeches by, statements of and interviews with Mike Mansfield (1903-2001) drawn from the extensive Mike Mansfield Papers held at the University of Montana’s Mansfield Library. Mansfield was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1942 and served five terms as representative of Montana’s 1st District. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1952 and reelected in 1958, 1964 and 1970. He became Assistant Majority Leader (Majority Whip) of the Senate in January 1957, and served in that capacity until 1961 when he was elected Majority Leader of the Senate. He held that position until he retired from the Senate in 1977 - longer than any other Majority Leader in the history of the U.S. Senate. He served as Ambassador to Japan from 1977-1988, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989.

The digitized content in this online collection spans Mansfield's career as a candidate, legislator and ambassador. The majority of the content is from the 1940s to the 1970s. The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library and the Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center partnered to make this digital collection available. You may search or browse this collection.

Mountain-Plains Native Americans

A broad and growing collection of reference materials related to the Native American tribes Montana. The collection will ultimately contain government documents, archival documents, photographs, and other materials. 

Natives of Montana Archival Project

The Natives of Montana Archival Project (NOMAP) includes over 65,000 pages from 126 boxes of Bureau of Indian Affairs records (Record Group 75) held at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Scanned from the Central Classified Files (CCF), 1907-1939, this collection includes letters, reports, photographs, petitions, leases, bonds, wills, and other legal documents. The NOMAP project focused specifically on that portion of the CCF which are organized according to individual field units or jurisdictions within Montana, such as the Blackfeet Agency.